Bureaucratic Culture and Traditional education system is main threat to System thinking approach and vice versa....
Lars Skyttner In his study The Future of Systems Thinking advocated the Case of System thinking in very intellectual and appealing way using examples and evidences from today’s world problems and failure of past solutions by creating & multiplying todays world problems. The author also pointed out the mean threat to System Thinking approach “traditional and obsolete academical bureaucracy” which are moving into the 21st century with 20th-century thinking and 19th-century institutions.
This study pointed out that private interests like military & industrial enterprises, influential secret weapon laboratories, universities with military research grants, elitist expert groups trying to control nuclear proliferation, and of course personal patents rights are the basic causes of resistance from scientific community and academicals bureaucracy. The author wants to say behind his lines and ideas that our academics and education system should be based on System thinking approach instead of Technology. That s Why? He stressed to include System thinking in our education system from now because we will have to cover a long long journey of evolution, then Paradigm shift from Information era to System thinking approach
Lars Skyttner (1998) The Future of Systems Thinking Systemic Practice and Action Research Volume 11, Number 2, 193-205.
Critics of System thinking Approach title ST as an ideology and stressed on to be remains ideology, because Literature of System thinking Lacks Solid/concrete/Practical Example and Success Stories of System Thinking Approach.
That's Why We Have this Discussion to Fill the Gap...
I guess in science and engineering, it is more easy to do the System Thinking because the system itself can be well defined. For example, we can design a mobile phone by first defining the required functions, and then add the various components to the design while checking the interactions among the components.
Another example is I Ching. It tries to describe every human activities into 64 states, and how one state changes to the other 63 states. But one issue is that it is too general.